On 11 November 2021, 52-year-old materials scientist Matthias Maurer became the first German to launch to the ISS aboard a Dragon space capsule of the US space company SpaceX. He has conducted more than 100 experiments in microgravity, 34 of which were from Germany. The German Space Agency at DLR was responsible for selecting and coordinating the experiments and contributions from Germany. DLR scientists also conducted their own experiments. The Columbus Control Center, based at the German Space Operations Center, organised the work in the European Columbus module on the ISS.